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1900-1975 Banco National Ultramarino currencies


Angola and its people until 1976


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Quoted from 'Angola, The Real Story' by Dr. P.K. Huibregtse, p7, 1973:

1900 Catumbella cyclists

1900 Angolan girls orphanage

1900s Angola, plains of Mossamedes, Boer wagon-train crossing the river Caculovar

1905 Governor Costa disembarking in Mossamedes

1905 Bull fight in honor of Governor Costa

1908 Mossamedes Boer Caravan in city streets

1914 Angola, Humpata, Visit of administrator Alves Rocadas

1910s Catholic Mission students

1915 WW1 Port. soldiers traveling in Sa da Bandeira

1917 Angola Lubango parochial church

1920 Dondi residences

1920s Mossamedes Beached Whale

1929 Angola Benguela Banco National Ultramarino, founded 1868

1920 Grandpa Roque

1920s Hotel Sa da Bandeira

1920s Angola, a mixed school

1930s Bela Vista first church

1930s Gathering at Banco National UltraMarino, founded 1868

1930s Cutchio, Angola - Mission church

1930s Luango - Catholic Mission

1930 Children on a Sunday

1930 Church Leaders

1930 Pereira family

1930s Antonio & Bernadina Brunido

1930s Belavista, Angola

1930s Bela Vista school

1930s Angola, familia Costa

1931 BelaVista, da Costa family

1930s Bela Vista First Church

1930s Belavista, brothers Manuel & Antonio Rodrigues

1930s Angola Sporting Football Club

1933 Bela Vista - Maria Teresa

1935 Bela Vista Church Group

1936 Bela Vista - Mr Wilson

1936 Angola Oct23 Mr Wilson

1938 Belavista, Teresa

1939 Belavista, Second Church Inauguration

1939 Belavista, Church youth club

1939 Bela Vista Childrens club

1939 Angola Ladies meeting

1939 Bela Vista Church get-together

1939 Inauguration new Church of BelaVista

1940 Belavista New Church

1940s Bie, Angola - English Mission Outstation

1940s Bie, Angola - English Mission Outstation

1940s Bie, Angola - English Mission Teachers

1940s Bailundu, Angola - Catholic mission

1940 Church Picknick

1940s Dondi Hospital

1940s Grandfather at Church

1940s Bela Vista Boys Club

1940s Bela Vista Church Youth Group

1940s Bela Vista Dedication Of babies at church

1940s Angola, Esmeralda and Ernest Wilson

1940s Bela Vista Church outing

1940s Bela Vista Ladies Church Group

1940s Crossing the river Quando

1940s Mission school at Quessua

1940s Ladies at Sunday school

1940s Ladies at Sunday school

1940s Youth group at Nova Lisboa

1940s Bela Vista church

1940s Bela Vista Cinema

1940s Dondi - Currie Institute

1940s Hospital DONDI, Ondjango branch

1940s Hospital DONDI, outpatient care

1940s Hospital DONDI nurses

1940s Quessua Mission

1940s Newly Constructed Dondi Insitute - School

1941 Bela Vista Pentacost Sunday

1941 Bela Vista Pentacost Sunday

1941 Bela Vista Pentacost Sunday

1941 Bela Vista Pentacost Sunday

1942 Bela Vista youth society

1944 Bela Vista Embroidering class

1944 Bela Vista - Teresa Roque at camp

1945 Angola, girls summer camp

1945 Angola, at summer camp

1945 Angola, kids at summer camp

1945 Angola, girls at summer camp

1945 Dondi, girls at summer camp

1946 Dondi, girls at summer camp

1946 Dondi, girls at summer camp

1946 Angola, girls at Bela Vista station of the Benguela Railway

1946 Dondi camp, girls volleyball team

1947 Dondi, girls at summer camp

1947 Dondi, girls at summer camp

1947 Angola, girls at summer camp

1947 Radio Club of Mossamedes

1947 Angola, girls at summer camp

1948 Angola, girls at summer camp

1948 Bela Vista Church Youth club, with Ceu & Ruth

1949 Angola, girls at summer camp

1949 Angola, girls at summer camp

1949 Teresa at Camp Dondi

1949 Bela Vista church

1949 Bela Vista Pentecost Sunday

1949 sisters Ceu & Ruth Rodrigues

1954 Porto Alexandre - Arrival President Higínio Craveiro

1950s Professors at Dondi Institute

1950s Ceu teaching at Bungei Mission School

1950 Girls Summer Camp at Dondi

1950s Baptism of Alice Smedes & Antonio Rodrigues

1950s United Church of Canada Missionaries at Dondi

1950s Believers at Bela Vista Church

1950s Joao Gomes, Ruth Roque, Ceu, Albertino Rodr.

1950s Sa da Bandeira

1950s College Students at School 'das Madres'

1950s Bungei Mission School Students

1950s Bungei Mission School teachers

1950s Meeting at the Silva Porto Church

1950s Aunt Ceu at Bungei Mission School

1950s in front of the Gomes House

1950s Silva Porto Monument

1950 Rodrigues family with Arthur Wilson

1952 in front of Belavista Church

1952 Luanda, Cinema Restauracao

1950s Nova Lisboa, Cinema Ruacana and Hotel

1950s Nova Lisboa, Praca Manuel Arriaga Square

1960s Angola, Nova Lisboa - Governor's Palace

1952 Angola, Belavista Youth

1952 Angola Emidio & Armindo on Sept24

1952 Youth at Belavista

1953 Dondi mission school

1953 Arthur Wilson

1954 Church gathering at Belavista

1954 Belavista, Rodrigues Family

1954 Angola, Porto Alexandre - Arrival of President Higínio Craveiro

1953 Rodrigues family in Belavista

1954 Angola Nova Lisboa, by Carolyn Parsons

1960s Church

1960s Dondi Mission Institute

1960s Serpa Pinto

1960s Serpa Pinto

1960s Serpa Pinto Governor's residence

1960s Lutamo Mission Church

1960s Hospital in Sa da Bandeira

1960s Department of Agriculture, Nova Lisboa

1960s Angola, Luanda, Lyceu Salvador Correia de Sa

1960s Angola, Luanda, Lyceu Salvador Correia de Sa

1960s Angola, Sa da Bandeira / Lubango Liceu Diogo Cao

1960s Angola Aero Clube de Mossamedes

1960s Angola, Luanda Aeroporto Craveiro Lopes

1960s Angola, South African House of Commerce ZUID

1960s Angola, Cinema Chiloango

1963 Luanda, Cine Atlantico, designed by Antonio Ribeiro dos Santos

1960s Angola, Cinema Mossamedes, designed by Botelho Vasconcelos

1960s Lobito Cine-Teatro Imperium

1960s Lobito City Hall

1960s Benguela, Hotel Mombaka

1961 Escola Commercial & Industrial 'Sarmento Rodrigues' at Nova Lisboa

1961 Commercial & Industrial School in Sa da Bandeira

1961 Angola, Luanda Av. Paulo Dias de Novias: Mass Popular Protest against communist terrorists

1964 Placa do Aeroporto de Mossamedes

1964 Champion Athletic Club at Airport of Mossamedes

1964 - Angola - 3 generations with grandma & son Pires, Teresa with OIR, Dr Lois and nurse Mabel Johnson

1966 Angola, Catota, Rodrigues house

1969 Huila, Sa da Bandera

1970s Dondi Mission School

1970s Angola, Luanda, Liceu Salvador Correia

1970s Luanda, Transport to the Isle of Mussulo

1972 Angola Swim-Team - Equipa de Angola

1973 Angola, Luanda, Gymnastics festival at Coqueiros stadium

1973 Angola, Luanda: Liceu National (Peixoto Correia) de Benguela

1973 soccer, Fernando Roque at Lobito

1973 Angola, Luanda Jumbo Hypermarket

1974 soccer, Antonio Roque for Perestrelo at Lobito

1974 soccer, Fernando Roque at Lobito

mid 1970s having a lot, but wanting it all

Adeus Angola!

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Angola Academia / Schools / Escolas until 1975


Angola’s pre-1975 educational system was open to all races, without quotas. Demographically, most of the 350,000 whites lived in the cities and railroad towns they built in Angola since 1498 (Luanda 1576, Benguela 1617, Silva Porto 1750, Mossamedes 1840, Lobito 1843, Nova Lisboa/Huambo 1912), and blacks, who also arrived in the last 500 years, from the distant north, lived in the more traditionally rural tribal areas (where many missions provided education in mission schools, see examples above). Every one of Angola’s 18 district capitals offered primary and secondary education. Universities and their campuses were found in population centres like the capital Luanda, and cities like Benguela, Lubango and Cabinda.

Elementary school (Escola Primaria) starting at at age 7 consisted of 4yrs plus 1yr prep to determine which secondary school to follow.

Vocational school was for those who did not take the 1yr prep year and exam. They went to a 4yr vocational school (Escola Pratica e Comercio, or Comercio e Industrial) to learn useful commercial skills or a trade, prior to on the job training and apprenticeships.

Secondary school (Lyçeu) was for those who passed the 1yr prep year at the end of primary school. They went to a secondary matriculation school lasting 7 yrs (consisting of 2yrs general ed, then 3 yrs with nine subjects which all had to be passed (4 letters plus 5 sciences), and the 2 last yrs specialization, choosing from seven groups of six subjects each, to qualify for university.

Conversely, one could choose to take the entrance exam to a Technical Institute which produced Angola's engineers, who worked industry, airports, railways, mining, (veterinary) medicine, forestry & agronomy (as major exporter of bananas, sugercane, sisal, and 4th largest exporter of coffee), hydro-electric dams, and since the early 1960's, the offshore oil industry.

1975, the end: Most of the whites fleeing for their lives, many leaving everything behind, at the violent Soviet take-over of prosperous Angola in 1975, as happened in countries like Congo & Mozambique, and later Zimbabwe & South Africa, the Angolan whites were accused of 'robbing the country of their expertise' (as socialism always requires capitalist paymasters). In Portugal, adding insult to injury, destitute refugees were blamed during the next 20 years for Portugal's socialist government's cowardly abandonment of 350,000 Angllans and Mario Soares' complete mismanagement of the situation, sadly leaving the European community taxpayers to bail Portugal out! Meanwhile, Angola's new masters, the Marxist Russians and Chinese, while condemning black people to civil wars, inevitable corruption and abject poverty, proceeded to enrich and arm themselves with the spoils of their African armed revolutions in one of the greatest illegal transfers of wealth, needed to sustain their internally weak communist regimes. Meanwhile, the new Angola, once an enterprising society of well-educated people, now depends for 90% of its income on the sale of oil.

1920s Angola, a mixed gov't school

1920s Students at Currie Institute, Dondi Mission school

1920s Camundongo Mission School

1920s Angola, graduation at Means School, Dondi Mission school

1920s Camundongo Mission school and Printing Press

1920s Angola, Escola Primaria em Ambriz, foto J de Morais

1937 Escola Portugal primary school, Prof Isabel Barrera, Mossamedes

1940s Bailundu, Angola - Catholic mission

1940 Mossamedes Escola 55, with prof D Berta

1940s Angola, newly-built Dondi Mission School

1940s Mission school at Quessua

1940s Bie, Angola - English Mission Teachers

1940 Escola Portugal primary school, Mossamedes

1940 Escola Portugal primary school, Mossamedes

1941 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1945 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1944 Mossamedes, Escola 49

1945 Mossamedes, Escola 45, Professora Maximina

1947 Escola Pratica de Pesca e Comercio, Mossamedes

1948 Escola Pratica de Pesca e Comercio, Mossamedes (Fishing & Trade)

1949 Mossamedes, Colégio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima, Casa Santa Filomena

1950 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1950 Mossamedes, Escola Portugal 4th class , with prof Marques

1950 Mossamedes, Colegio Missoes

1950s Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1952 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1950s Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1950s Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1950 Mossamedes, Escola Portugal

1950s Mossamedes, Liceu Almirante Americo Tomas

1950s Mossamedes, Escola Paiva Couceiro no 45, Professora Lia

1952 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima, Colegio das Doroteias

1955 Mossamedes, Escola Primaria N56. director Jose Duarte

1956 Sa da Bandeira (Lubango), Liceu Diogo Cao

1953 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima, Casa Santa Filomena

1956 Mossamedes, Escola Comercial e Industrial Infante Henrique

1956 Mossamedes, Escola Comercial e Industrial Infante Henrique ECIIDH

1957 Mossamedes, Escola Comercial e Industrial Infante Henrique ECIIDH

1957 Mossamedes, Escola Comercial e Industrial Infante Henrique ECIIDH

1950 Angola, Huambo, Escola Primaria Rui de Sousa, 3d class

1950 Luanda, Lyceu National Salvador Correia

1950s Angola, Escola Alexandre Herculano

1960s Luanda, Lyceu Feminino Guiomar de Lencastre

1960 Mossamedes, Escola do Bairro Salgado, 4classe

1950s Angola, Huila, Lyceu Nacional, professors and alumni

1950s Lubango, Alunas Colegio das Madres

1960s Lubango, Colegio das Madres or Paula Frassinete

1960 Mossamedes Escola Comercial e Industrial Infante Henrique, watching a game

1960 Luanda Colegio S. José Cluny

1960 Escola de Regentes Agricolas, Lubango

1960 Escola de Regentes Agricolas 'Dr. Francisco Machado'

1960s Nova Lisboa - Instituto Superior de Agronomia

1960 Angola Luanda, Escola Industrial

1960s Luanda, Colegio Jose Cluny

1960s Angola, Sa da Bandeira Colegio Padre Frassinete

1960s Sa da Bandeira, Escola Agro Pecuaria do Tchi

1960 Mossamedes, Escola Portugal

1961 Angola, Escola Comercial de Mossamedes (until 1952 Escola Practica de Pesca e Comercio)

1961 Escola Comercial & Industrial 'Sarmento Rodrigues', Nova Lisboa

1961 Escola Comercial & Industrial, Sa da Bandeira

1960 Sa da Bandeira (Lubango) Liceu Diogo Cao, Aula

1960s Angola Lubango, Diogo Cao

1960s Nova Lisboa / Huambo, Colegio Ateniense

1960s Angola, Liceu de Benguela, renamed in 1967 Lyceu National Com. Peixoto Correia

1960 Sa da Bandeira Elementary School

1960, Sa da Bandeira, Lyceu Diogo Cao

1963 Mossamedes, 1963 Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1963 Mossamedes, 1963 Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1963 Mossamedes, 1963 Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1963 Mossamedes,1963 Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1964 Escola de Regentes Agricolas 'Dr. Francisco Machado' Excursion of graduates

1964 Sa da Bandeira Lyceu Diogo Cao

1960 Luanda, Lyceu Feminino D.Guiomar de Lencastre

1960s Angola, Escola Industrial e Comercial do Luso

1960s Angola, Cubal, Escola Primaria

1964 Sa da Bandeira (Lubango), Liceu Diogo Cao

1965 Nova Lisboa, Veterinary School

1966 Luanda Lyceu Salvador Correia, 1st day; foto J.Ferreira

1966 Angola, Liceu Salvador Correia

1966 Angola, Liceu Salvador Correia

1966 Angola, Mossamedes, Graduating Class ECIIDH

1966-1967 Mossamedes, Graduating Class ECIIDH

1966 Angola, Mossamedes, Graduating Class ECIIDH

1966 Students in Front of Post Office with teacher Hermengarda

1966 Liceu Salvador Correia, Luanda

1966 Liceu Salvador Correia

1966 Mossamedes, Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima

1967 Mossamedes, Escola Paiva Couceiro no 45, Professora Maximina

1960s Angola, Luanda, Lyceu Salvador Correia de Sa

1969 Luanda, Lyceu National Salvador Correia

1971 Liceu National Salvador Correia, by JC Pinheira

1972 Mossamedes Escola Comercial e Industrial Infante Henrique

1973 Luanda, Liceu Guiomar de Lencastre

1973 Luanda, Liceu Guiomar de Lencastre

1973 Luanda, Liceu Guiomar de Lencastre

1973 Luanda, Liceu Guiomar de Lencastre

1970s Angola, Nova Lisboa, Lyceu Nacional Norton de Matos /Escola C & I 'Sarmento Rodrigues'

1973 Luanda, Liceu National Salvador Correia

1973 Luanda, Lyceu Salvador Correia Biblioteca

1970s Angola, Luanda, Liceu Nacional Salvador Correia

1973 Angola, Escola Primaria de Benguela 'Luis Gomes Sambo' Graduation

1973 Angola, Escola Primaria de Benguela 'Luis Gomes Sambo' Graduation

1973 Angola, Liceu de Benguela, renamed in 1967 Lyceu National Com. Peixoto Correia, preps for carnaval

post 1975 Lyceu Salazar de Carmona (seen from the Carmona Road to Songo)

1970s Lubango_Escolas de Regentes Agrocolas Francisco Machado

1970s Huambo, Liceu Nacional Norton de Matos

4th class math test





Some related sites / Angolan blogs (in Port.)

delagoabayworld.wordpress.com - Mozambique pre 1975 picture blog - Delagoa Bay World

pictorial history of Angola from Postcards before 1975

pictures of Angola Cathedrals before 1975

pictures of Angola Airports before 1975

Portuguese2English translation site (up to 1000 words)

Adeus Angola (YouTube video)

riodosbonssinais.blogspot - Retornados blog discussing the 1974 communist revolution in Portugal, and the sudden, narrow escape by over 300,000 Angolans

Nhamalanda - Our Story site (from Madeira to Angola)

Story of the Madeirans settling Southern Angola and creating the town of Lubango (Sa da Bandeira)

Online read of 'Drums in the Darkness', by John T. Tucker, 1927

Story of the 1961 massacres of white Angolans by black terrorists in Angola, by angolaterranossa.blogspot

angolaterranossa.blogspot.com

coisasdeantigamente-marr.blogspot.com - vintage Sa da Bandeira (Lubango) pictures

angolalubango.com.sapo.pt - Lubango / Sa da Bandeira page (Port.)

Lunango Escola Comercial e Industrial comandante Sarmento Rodrigues

tchivinguiro.bravejournal.com: - Lubango Escola de Regentes Agricola 'dr Francisco Machado'

Mossamedes, history of secondary education. Women students and graduates

Jovens senhoras de Mocamedes - women students

blog about Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima, Mossamedes 1950-51

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot.com - 1955/56 Escola Comercial Mossamedes

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot.com - Mossamedes Escola Comercial e Industrial Inf Henrique, 1956/57

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot.com - Colegio Comercial & Industrial Inf. Henrique 1960, Mossamedes

blog about Colegio de Nossa Senhora de Fatima, Mossamedes 1963, 5th year

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot.com - Mossamedes Desportiva - Sportspage

Mossamedes Sport page

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot.com - Angola Antiga

memoriasdomeubairro.blogspot.com - old primary school materials

sandularte.blogspot.com - Escola Primaria Paiva Couceiro - Caluquembe

FotosNamibe.Blogspot.com - many old Mossamedes pictures

Car Races in Mossamedes 1973 - memoriasdesportivas.blogspot

memoriasdesportivas.blogspot.com - Angola Mossamedes Football - Soccer Pictures -

cubal-angola.blogspot.com - Cubal Sports Page

Large pre-1975 Google search Selection of Mossamedes Life

Shianeurosepoetadurbe.blogspot.com - many Before/After Angola pictures

kantophotomatico.blogspot.com - Lyceu Nacional de Salvador Correia, Luanda

Faded colors: Present-day Angola people pictures, by C. Pires

Angola - Banco National history in Angola, buildings and money

bcavalaria8423.blogspot.com - Angola, Carmona 'Knights of the North' Cavaleiros do Norte - where much terrorism took place

rogegill.blogspot.com - sell-out of Angola, Mozambique and others by the socialists under chief executioner Mario Soares

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