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Angola family trees and Family History

the "India" which took Madeirans to Angola in 1884

Roque-Rodrigues family roots in Madeira

the largest Elephant on record, shot with Jose Rodrigues' Rigby 416

Fernando da Costa Angola History website

da Costa Angola family tree

Angola homepage

Colonist Settler Guides 1891 (in Portuguese)

1891 Colonists guide to Africa Intro, CH1 (Port.)

1891 Colonists guide to Cabo Verde ,Guine, Sao Thome& Principe CH2 (Port.)

1891 Colonists guide to Angola, CH2 (Port.)

1891 Colonists guide to Mocambique, CH2 (Port.)

1891 Colonists guide to Africa, subject Hygene CH3 (Port.)

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Related Angola settler picture sites

Down memory lane

Nhamalanda - Our Story site (from Madeira to Angola)

Lubango / Sa da Bandeira page (Port.)

Tropicalia blogspot: Benguela picture page (Port.)

Tropicalia blogspot: Lobito picture page (Port.)

Casacomum: Archivos Angola picture page (Port.)

FotosNamibe.Blogspot: many old Mossamedes pictures

Tudosobreangola - Arrival of the Madeirans 1884 to counter the Boers presence (1881), in Port.

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Some Angola Ecology

the once-thought-extinct Swierstra’s Francolin in Angola

on the need to conserve threatened highland habitat of Angola's Mount Moco

the Giant Sable Antilope - Palanca Negra Gigante, ref. 'A certain curve of Horn' by Walker

List of Birds of Angola

site with bird calls, pictures and videos

a 1915 write-up of South West Africa, by William Eveleigh, on Climate, Flora, Fauna, People

site with a view of Central African Fires

1920 Big Plans by South Africa to irrigate southern Angola and the Kalahari

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Some Angola History

Southern Angola Blog (in Portuguese)- Arrival of the Madeirans in 1884 to counter the Boers presence (since 1881) - Use Google translator

Origins of the peoples of Africa (1927, Tucker, Drums of Darkness, p18-22)

1938 Map showing Angola mission stations (Tucker, Land Of the Blacksmith Prince)

Good Read Online Book: 1927 John T. Tucker 'Drums of Darkness' (Angola United Church Mission)

Benguela Railway 1935

Benguela Railway History (BBC)

Many Angola pre-1975 pictures - skyscrapercity blog

Large Collection of Angola pre-1975 pictures (many of Luanda)

Car Races in Mossamedes 1973 - memoriasdesportivas.blogspot

Angola Mossamedes Football - Soccer Pictures - memoriasdesportivas.blogspot

Large pre-1975 Google search Selection of Mossamedes

Sa da Bandeira before 1975 - coisasdeantigamente-marr.blogspot

Some Angola post-1975 pictures, by C. Pires

Angola - Banco National history in Angola, buildings and money

Angola map with settlers pre-1975 placenames (see Angola maps further down)

New Angolan place names


Angola Stamps

pre-1975 Angolan Stamps

Portuguese Empire stamps

Southern Angola - Old Huila postage (stamps)

pre-1975 Angolan Postcards

some Angolan tunes

Angolan Merengues on Orlando's accordeon

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Earliest Boer History

painting of the Great Trek by Gwen Bistro 'met die kreun van ossewa'

Comprehensive History of South Africa by McCall Theal

A brief chronology of the History of South Africa 1486-1826, Theal, Vol1, p260, 1890

A Short History of South Africa 1486-1826, Theal, Vol1, Ch1-22, 1890

History of South Africa 1652-1795, Theal, Vol2, CH14-27, 1897

History of South Africa 1691-1795, Theal, Vol2, CH16-27, 1888

History of South Africa since Sept. 1795, Vol1, Theal 1908

History of South Africa since Sept. 1795, Vol2, Theal 1908

History of South Africa since Sept. 1795, Vol3, Theal 1908

History of South Africa since Sept. 1795, Vol4, Theal 1908

Not found: History of South Africa since Sept. 1795, Vol5, Theal 1908

History and Ethnography of Africa South of the Zambesi, Theal, Vol1, 1909

History and Ethnography of Africa South of the Zambesi, Theal, Vol2, 1909

History and Ethnography of Africa South of the Zambesi, Theal, Vol3, 1909

'The Story of South Africa' by Ridpath, Ellis 1899

1941 Brief history of the Dutch origins of South Afica,

by Josef Marais, Intro to 'Songs from South Africa'

South African sheetmusic page

*** Download Zipfile sheetmusic 'Songs from South Africa'***

1800s - earliest European encounters in Transvaal with tribes descending from the North

Some Angola Boer History

Pictures of Afrikaner Boers in Angola 1881 -1975

a 1-page history of Boer settlement in Angola (.doc)

Map of the 3 year Dorsland Trek

Story of the 3 year Trek of the Dorsland Trekkers

a 1915 write-up of South West Africa, by William Eveleigh, on Climate, Flora, Fauna, People

site with some interesting Afrikaner Boers oxen transports in Angola from 100 years ago

site with pictures of where Afrikaner Boers used to live in Humpata, Angola

the Dorsland Trek shown on a SWA stamp

Southern Angola Blog (in Portuguese)- Arrival of the Madeirans in 1884 to counter the Boers presence (since 1881) - Use Google translator

another site with pictures of Lubango where Afrikaner Boers used to live in Angola

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Boer War History

The first Anglo-Boer war was fought and won in 1881 by the Boers of the independent South African Boer Republic (SAR) in the Transvaal, against the British, whose vision under prime minister Disraeli was to annex all independent republics of South Africa under British rule and impose a confederation. This war came one year after the war of the British against the Zulus in 1879, thought to appease the Afrikaners, but having the opposite effect against the non-violent Boers. The final peace settlement in 1884 left certain things in the open, with defeated Britain attempting to control SAR's foreign policy, which led to the second Anglo-Boer war of 1899.

The second Anglo-Boer war, lasting from 1899-1902, started when the South African Republic in the Transvaal (SAR) became the largest gold producer in the world in 1890, after gold was discovered in Witwatersrand in 1886. Britain was the leading industrial nation needing resources, and coveting South Africa's new riches. When SAR restricted foreign mine workers' right to vote in its internal affairs (to a minimum Transvaal residence of 14 years), the British used this as the desired pretext first to control foreign trade by building an exclusive railway from the Cape province to the Transvaal, which SAR circumvented by building their own to nearby Delagoa Bay in Portuguese East Africa. Then Britain invaded the Transvaal, first by the failed Jameson Raid in 1895, supported by Cape's prime minister, Rhodes, and then by military invasion in 1899, on the strength of duplicitous argument by the militant British High Commissioner, Milner, who reported to British Secretary of State Joseph Chamberlain that the South Africans were poised to take over all of South Africa's (strategic) territories, thus bearing full responsbility for starting this costly, wasteful and totally avoidable war. We read in 'Africa and the Victorians': 'The Empire went to war for a concept that was finished, a cause that was lost, a Grand Illusion'. British troops increased to 400,000, and were sadly humiliated by Afrikaner commandos (a lesson that should have served them much better in WW1). At least 25,000 Afrikaners died in the war, most of them women and children in concentration camps. The war also claimed 22,000 British and 12,000 African lives. Elisabeth Longford concludes in her biography of Queen Victoria (p542) that 'like the cataracts which were steadily darkening her sights, events in Africa spread a shadow over her last years'.

Pretoria Parliament built in 1910

Afrikanerhart (Bok van Blerk, YouTube)

1950s Johannesburg Town Hall Square

Exerpt from "Scramble for Africa", or how the Boers contributed to the dismantling of the British Empire

by Anthony Nutting, in his excellent description of "The scramble for Africa"

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"To the Bitter End": by E. Lee. Description of the Boer tactics in outfighting the 5-fold strenth of the British forces 1899 - 1902

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From 'the Boer War - Ladysmith and Mafeking - 1900'

(historic official papers not previously availabe) by Biddles Unlimited (1999):

Besieged British forces at Ladysmith 1899

The Boers tied up (besieged) the following British military units for the whole year of 1899 at Ladysmith: the 5th Lancers, the 18th and 19th Hussars, the Imperial Light Horse, (200) Natal Mounted Volunteers, the 42d and 53d Batteries, a Brigade Division of the Royal Field Artillery, the No.10 Mountain Battery, the 1th Bn.(Battalion) Royal Irish Fusiliers, the 13th, 21st, 42d, 53d, 67th and 69th Field Batteries, the 1st Bn. Manchester Regiment, the Royal Garrison Artillery, the 1st Bn. Liverpool Regiment, the 2d Bn. Royal Dublin Fusiliers, the 1st Bn. Devonshire Regiment, the 1st Gloucestershire Regiment, the 1st and 2d Bns. King's Royal Rifle Corps, the 1st Bn. Leicerstershire Regiment, the 2d Bn. Gordon Highlanders, the 5th Dragoon Guards, and even a Naval Brigade (from the HMS "Powerful")

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"Louis Wessels Commando", youth book series

Google Books: de 2de Boerenoorlog / the Boer war, door W van Everdingen, 1902, 387 pag. online

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Angola handed to the new foreign Soviet masters

South Africa's military might

Music: 'Kaplyn'- 'Border', a quarter century of fighting the Soviets on the Northern border (Bok van Blerk, YouTube)

South Africa's Thundering Jets - the Sound of Freedom

Music: 'Soos in die ou dae'-'as in the days of old' (Bok van Blerk, YouTube)

excerpt of the 1961 Angola communist rebellion account

angolaterranossa.blogspot: 1961 Angola rebellion account with pictures

1975 Insider's View: Angola's Colonial War

1975 Angola communist takeover

More books on the resistance against communism in Southern Africa

1975 "refugees escaping the Angola hell" blog

'Retornados 1975' blog: one of the greatest seizures of wealth by communists

Doomed Soviet cold-war psychology

(by Truman's US Moscow Charge d'Affaire Kennan's prophetic analysis in 1946, by M. Truman)

Doomed Tsarist psychology

(by Fromkin's WW1 'A Peace to end all Peace', p242)

the new foreign masters in Angola, Russia and its paid proxy, Cuba

foreign indoctrination after 1975 in Angola

another foreign master after 1975 in Angola

1980s - Typical Russian Posters found in SWAPO camps

1981 Operation Protea: 2-week clean up of SWAPO (of the Ovambo tribe), who will lose over 10,000 terrorists in Angola in the following decade

Operation Protea

South Africa's Angolan Intervention (pdf, 3MB), HR Heitman

South Africa's SADF border war (YouTube, 41min)

1987 Battle of Mavinga, or how the South Africans contributed to the collapse of communism in 1989

1981-1988 South Africa's expedition force of a few thousand (2K to max 5K) - intervention in Angola against the strength of the Soviet empire

South Africa's Special Forces (pdf. 6MB), HR Heitman

1987 NYT: Cuba's strange mission in Angola

1988 Soviet materiel captured by South Africa in Angola

Cuba's communists proxy war in Angola, and its pullout ('its Vietnam') after its massive number of 10,000 dead

What really happened to the 400,000 Cubans in Angola

Captured Russian T-54 tanks in Angola

1975 Unita abducts communist Czechs, who support the communist MPLA

1975-88 - Cuba's massive intervention in Angola to bolster the Angolan communist regime of the northern Kimbundu tribe (pdf)

1987 - Angola's Lomba River: where Cuba met its match, a devastating blow to the Soviet alliance, and turning point of the war (YouTube, 8min)

Cuba's face-saving extrication from Angola

South Africa's SADF Infantry sweeping Cuban mines in Angola

All South African operations in Angola 1976 - 1989, and the 'stunning humiliation of the Soviets'

Music: 'Suid-Afrikaanse Weermag: Ons was goeie kamerade' (YouTube)

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Spread of violence into SWA and South Africa

Soviet interference in South West Africa - Namibia

South West Africa's foreign insurgency (pdf, 9MB), HR Heitman

ANC's terrorist operations targeting public places

ANC reaping the violence in South Africa that it sowed

National Review: Marxism, Mandela, the ANC 'human rights' and the 300,000+ dead Africans

2020 Bloomberg: South Africa's 400,000 corrupt ANC black civil servants and the battle over Mandela's 'legacy'

The buck plummets here!

Declassified CIA 1985 docs: 'Soviet Policies in Southern Africa', incl Mozambique

'Marxism and Mozambique', by Henriksen African Affairs, Vol. 77, No. 309, 1978

YouTube: The old and the new South Africa, order vs chaos

YouTube: More peaceful, orderly times

'The Union of South Africa', Robert Henry Brand, 1909

'South Africa', by Monica Cole, 1957, Archeological Survey, with many SA & SWA maps (777pges)

1970s General Map and scale of Angola and South West Africa

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Spread of violence into Rhodesia


Southern Africa was inhabited by bushmen (the San people) until the arrival of Bantu tribes around the mid 1850s, who displaced them westwards. Around that time, the Matabele (lately Ndebele), descendants of the Natal Zulus, having been driven away established a kingdom in the country. In the 1890s, a British businessman of the British South Africa Company, Cecil Rhodes, oversaw the formation of Rhodesia, in a bid to establish a railway from Cairo to Cape (the 'red line'). After becoming Southern Rhodesia, the settlers of the country voted in 1923 to become a self-governing colony of the British. After World War II in which many Rhodesians fought, Northern Rhodesia (Zambia at present) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) voted in 1963 for independence, while Southern Rhodesia chose to remain a colony. In 1965, the state of Rhodesia became autonomous after Ian Smith made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from Britain. From this time onwards the Soviet-supported communists attempted by violent means to take power, by way of the majority Shona tribe, led by terrorist leader Robert Mugabe of the ZANU party (and aided by fellow tribesmen in Mozambique & Tanzania), historically subservient to the more powerful minority tribe of the Matabele (led by their terrorist leader Joshua Nkomo, son of a London Missionary Society-appointed preacher, of the ZAPU party (aided by Zambia). This led to the Rhodesian bush war of some 15 years (1964 -1979), in which some 30,000 people died (including a 1000 Rhodesian security forces, 20,000 civilians, and 10,000 guerrillas themselves).

the red line


In the ensuing ‘majority rule’ after 1980, under the British Lancaster House agreement, ensuring rights for all minority groups, Rhodesia became Zimbabwe, and was granted independence from Britain, soon to be led by former terrorist leader Mugabe. He proved ruthless, his North Korea-trained thugs leaving 20,000 rival Matabele dead in the early 1980s. The press was nationalized in the mid-80s. His despotic land reforms of the 1990s proved disastrous, where productive white farmers were violently disposed. Tobacco, a third of foreign earnings at one time, used to be grown in 7 year rotations on the poor, sandy highveld soil, now an extention of Chinese marxist subsistence farming policy on stolen land. Once a net exporter of maize, cotton, beef, tobacco, roses, and sugarcane, the country became a net importer of agricultural goods, and an exporter of people: elections were rigged, political rivals killed, millions fled (Botswana built a 300 mile fence), mineral-rich Congo was looted by the Zimbabwe 'military', the population exploited by profiteering Mugabe cronies, foreigners alienated, white farmers murdered and over a million of their farm workers and families displaced in retaliation, a third of the black population infected with AIDS by 2003 (life expectancy dropped from 57 to 35), sanctions imposed, and the economy rather predictably collapsed. Another African-country-in-turmoil-of-your-choice, or modern failed-state Venezuela 'avant la lettre'.

the black line

Early Southern & Northern Rhodesia map showing railways

Read online a wonderful early Dutch settler account of Rhodesia from 1895 ("Rhodesia past and present", 218 pages)

Rhodesians worldwide

Classic Cars in Rhodesia

Rhodesia Railways

Bulawayo Railway Museum

Great East-Africa site with 'Trains, Planes, Ships, and Automobiles'

Wiki History of Rhodesia

Rhodesia tobacco farming in the 50's

1952 Geography of Tobacco growing in Rhodesia

'Memories of Rhodesia' auction site

1902 map of the Southern Africa including Rhodesia

Related: the Rhodesian bush war

(pics from 'Rhodesian Soldier', by Chas Lotter)

Soldiering in Rhodesia

wikipedia on Rhodesian Bush War

Buy 'Rhodesian Soldier', by Chas Lotter)

More books

Rhodesia - Soviet propaganda using terrorist leader Mugabe

Rhodesia - Captured Soviet arms, rocket launchers, tanks, and guns

Rhodesia - Captured Soviet TNT slabs

Rhodesia - ZANU terrorists armed by the Communist East

Rhodesia - ZANU terrorists fed by the Capitalist West

Zimbabwe’s failed multiculturalism

BBC: Zimbabwe economic meltdown since 2000

The Atlantic (2003): 'Rent a corpse', or 'How to kill a country in ten easy steps, the Mugabe way'

Mugabe dead in 2019, and Zimbabwe on life support

The buck starts here!

China: The latest foreign master in Africa

Africa's exports in percentages to China

Forbes: 'What is China doing in Africa?'

CNN (YouTube): Chinese Ghost Town in Angola (2012)

Wiki: a ray of hope for Zimbabwe, or Chinese Marxist monopoly on illegally confiscated lands?

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Angola Missions news

Read this Online book: 1927 John T. Tucker 'Drums of Darkness' (Angola United Church Mission)

1874 Robert H Nassau 'Crowned in Palm land', (an online) Story of African Mission life, Memoir of Mary C. Nassau

1900 -1967 - Dr David Strangway: 'Benefits of Missions Medical Research in Angola'

1923-1943 - Alexander Kemp ' 20 Years of Medical Missionary work in Africa' (Malange, Angola)

C.J. Rooney - a Catholic view of Portuguese Missions of Angola

SIM in Southern Africa: Angola

Missionary biographies, Dondi, Angola

Angola Memorial Scholarship Fund (Dondi)

Help rebuild Dondi, Angola (video)

Live Angola Google map, from ILEP Leprocy mission website Angola

a secular study of Christian Missions at Dondi, Angola

Tribal Distribution of Angola

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Some Angola Blogs (Port.)

Extensive Angola vintage picture, mostly Luanda, on FaceBook (need to login)

Southern Angola Blog (in Portuguese)- Arrival of the Madeirans in 1884 to counter the Boers presence (since 1881)

Angola pre-1975 pictures by Angolano

Southern Angola Blog - with pictures of early 1900s - antigamente1900.blogspot.com

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot - Angola Mossamedes Blog - with pictures of 1960s

Angola Mossamedes Blog - with pictures of Alumni Students and Professors of the 1960s

Angola pre-1975 Schools and Students site

princesa-do-namibe.blogspot - Angola Mossamedes Blog - Tiger Bay, Baia dos Tigres history

Vintage Lighthouses of Angola

Vintage Portuguese-style Porcelain Tiles of Angola

Railway foto blog from Mossamedes - fotosnamibe.blogspot.com

Angola - the effort in Africa of the Great War of 1914-1918 remembered

Angola - the Dorsland Trek and Grootfontein

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Continent of Africa maps

Vintage Africa maps

Old Southern Africa Maps

Photos of old South Africa: currency, people, buildings, places

Pictures of vintage transport modes of Old South Africa

Historical photos of old South Africa

South Africa Maps

Oranje Vrijstaat / Transvaal / South African Republic maps

1885 map of South Africa's independent republics

1895 map of the Independent South African Republic (Transvaal)

1895 map of the Independent Transvaal Republic and Oranje Vrijstaat

1902 map of the South Africa Colony after the Boer war

1972 map of the Republic of South Africa

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Rhodesia Maps

1896 Central and Southern Africa, by George Gill

1900 Southern Africa, anon.

1923 Rhodesia map

1927 Southern Rhodesia map

1962 Rhodesia and Nyasaland map

1973 Rhodesia - Relief map

last 4 maps from: Rhodesia.me.uk map site

a century of geological and land maps of Rhodesia

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Angola Maps

1691 Conquest of Angola and St Tome

1757 Angola Carte des Royaumes de Congo Angola et Benguela, by J.N. Bellin

1900 Detailed map of Angola

1902 Map of Angola

1912 Angola map showing Benguela railway

1960s Angola regional map

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Congo Maps

1900 Map of Congo State

1900 map of Congo state

1912 map of Belgian Congo

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South West Africa Maps

map of Damara and Great Namaqua Land, by Galton and Andersson, mid-1800s

1915 South Africa defeats Germany during WW1

1886 Afrikaner 'Republic of Upingtonia' map (near Grootfontein, SWA-Namibia)

1900 Voelkerkarte / People / Tribal map SW Africa

1900 Vegetationskarte / Vegetation map SW Africa

1900 German school map of South West Africa

1902 detail of German map of South West Africa

1907 People of the Kalahari, by Siegfried Passarge

1909 SWA Detail from General Map of Africa, by Sir Edward Hertslet

1910 German School map GSWA

1913 Detailed Map of German South West Africa, by Dietrich Reimer, hi-res (German)

1940s Map of SWA by Nala Cook

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South West Africa books/articles

South West Afrika 1915-1990

South West Afrika Nat. Anthem, performed by SABC Symphony Orchestra

1920 Big Plans by South Africa to irrigate arid southern Angola and the Kalahari

Kalahari Map showing 1920 irrigation plans

Report: 'Exploration and Discoveries during four Years of Wanderings in the Wilds of South Western Africa', mid-1800s, CJ Andersson

Report: 'Narrative of an Explorer in South Africa' (includes 'visit to Damaraland in 1851'), 1890, by Francis Galton

Report: 'Expedition to Ovampoland', Ch7, P79, 1850, Francis Galton

Article - Germans in northern SWA - Kooperation und Konfrontation am Kavango 1891-1921 Andreas Eckl (auf Deutch, in German, pdf, 1.5MB)

South West Africa tribal history - die BergDama - Heindrich Vedder (German, 1923)

'The Native Tribes of South West Africa' by CHL Hahn, L. Foure, H. Vedder (English, 1928)

Article - South-West Africa - The Factual Background (English) 1946 pdf, 1.6MB)

a 1915 write-up of South West Africa, by William Eveleigh, on Climate, Flora, Fauna, People

the Dorsland Trek and Grootfontein

Oil in Namibia 2023

More Oil in Namibia 2023

South-West Africa Stamps

South-West Africa - 1989 Stamps 4.1 Mines & Minerals

South-West Africa - 1980 Stamps Animals

South-West Africa Stamps- History - Towns

South-West Africa Stamps - Flora & Fauna

South-West Africa Stamps - Native and European Cultures

South-West Africa Stamps - Tourism & Exports

South-West Africa Stamps- Windhoek Luderitz Hentiesbaai

the Dorsland Trek shown on a SWA stamp

Africa map, per Colony

1914 Colonial map of Africa

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